Ликбез не с Вашей стороны. Это Вы, роясь в справочниках, ликвидируете нашу безграмотность в данном вопросе, или расширяете наши познания о мире насекомых, за что огромное вам спасибо! Я люблю зоологию, но руки не всегда доходят копаться в учебниках и иной литературе.
Thank you! Here's a brief summary of this insect:
Chips (Scoliidae) - a family of stinging Hymenoptera. Distributed worldwide, there are their more than 1 thousand species. The wings are males and females. The body length is sometimes more than 6 cm color of their mostly black and yellow. They live on flowers, and from its enemies and protects sensitive prick. The larvae however, gnawing body of the host, feed on its hemolymph and tissues; adult wasps - the nectar of various plants, particularly of umbrella and composite.
If zoologists considered because of the important feature, then how would occupy first place among Hymenoptera. Black paint, yellow badges on the abdomen, strong wings colored onion skin with a purple tinge, gnarled rough feet, lined with rigid hairs, solid build, large hard head, an awkward gait and a short, silent flight - these common attributes of females. A male dressed elegant, it gracefully, but looks no less strong than the female.
Skole very peaceful. Their sting more working gun than combat dagger: they paralyze with his prey, and only occasionally allowed to move to protect themselves. Besides, how the body is very rigid, and easily avoid the sting, taking Osu in hand. If as it stings, the pain of the needle is small. This is typical of almost all paralyzer: their venom is not really a burning pain.
Representatives of the family how their offspring are fed larvae beetles, and beetles bronzovok rhinos. Victims of how the giant larvae are one of the largest - rhinos. Larvae, however the female attacks her. And here she shows that she does not have to sting like a poisoned dagger, like bees or wasps public, as well as a thin surgical instrument. Larvae of the beetle how bites are always the same place - in the abdominal nerve center controlling the movement of the whole body (except head), and never will be mistaken. As a result, the victim remains alive, but it covers the complete paralysis. This is the best way to preserve food for a long time, not letting her spoil. In the belly of a paralyzed larval wasp lays a single egg. Released larva eats the victim gradually, starting with the least important vital organs, and only in the end destroys the nervous and circulatory system. Thanks to this food remains fresh for a long time. Worth the larva how to make a mistake, and within days of the beetle larvae turn into a decaying corpse. But the error never happens.
Hunting how proceeds under the ground. Therefore, she escapes from the eye of the observer. Extraction of how soft her skin sting can pierce anywhere. Will these hunters poke many times? No Their movements are subject to the conditions underground hunting, and such a complicated operation is impossible. Just one shot - that's a welcome there for a purpose. And because Chipped required extraction of contiguous nerve bundles. This cause and make the choice of game however: larva scarab beetles.
Larvae and other larvae however, lunch which consists of large insects, eat by the rules, they eat so that until the last gulps of food remains alive, and therefore fresh. How could this pathetic larva learned that no one knows our science? It is headed by instinct.
The larva feeds on how the average about twelve days. At the end of this period of game is only crumpled skin. Larva casts it aside, after this cleaning the dining room is taken to weave a cocoon. To build a cocoon-spinners all the larvae should be placed in a hanging hammock. He surrounds them with a transparent wall and allows them to properly distribute the fabric cocoon. For twenty-four hours a cocoon over. First, a cocoon of bright red, then becomes light-chestnut. It has the shape of an ellipsoid whose major axis cocoon females average 26 mm, and males cocoons smaller - to the seventeen mm.
Silk larvae produced in specialized salivary glands and is a mixture of proteins and carbohydrates.
In this form the larva hibernates. In the spring, after a short development appear adults who come to the surface for feeding and mating.