Chamomile - genus of flowering plants, belongs to the family Compositae annual or perennial herbaceous plants, or aster family - low annuals, often fragrant herbs.
One of the most famous chamomile is considered to be daisy (Leucanthemum) with large white and yellow buds, it is also sometimes referred to as "daisy" or "chamomile", because the center of the flower, surrounded by white petals thin, towering yellow "navel." His Greek name Leucanthemum (leukantemum - white flower) comes from the words 'leukos "- white and' anthemon" - a flower. It was given to the flower because of the color boundary ray flowers in its inflorescence.
C the name "daisy" comes from the penetration into Russia medieval medical literature, where this plant is called "Romanova grass" or "flower of the Romanovs." Russian name chamomile is derived from Latin. "Romana" that is "Roman" and borrowed from the Polish language. From this word is a diminutive form of "daisy." For the first time this name appeared in a flower only in the XVIII century, and it applies only to camomile (Matricaria Chamomilla L.) and Persian daisy and then later they began this name to call all the news on her plants.
In medicine is used daisy of the genus Matricaria: camomile (M. chamomilla) and Matricaria discoidea (M. matricarioides). Pharmacy daisy - a storehouse of useful properties. Her infusions can be used in the garden for protection from pests, it is included in most collections of herbs, widely used in cosmetology. On the healing properties of chamomile chemist wrote in "Natural History, the Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder. The origin of the name of the genus Matricaria is derived from the Latin word "matrix" - "the queen", as in ancient times, this plant was used for women's diseases, hence its popular name - "mother liquor", "uterine grass." Pharmacy chamomile has a characteristic "apple" smell than and different from all other "daisies".
This pharmacy daisy in natural conditions is rare. It can grow between the crops, along roads and in gardens and meadows, glades and trails daisy blooms. He and the flowers are larger, and it occurs more frequently than chamomile pharmacy. Flowers from camomile rather inconspicuous, small - up to 2 cm in diameter. Matricaria discoidea - that in general without white petals, alone greenish-yellow flower baskets. Imported it into Europe from North America, is very tenacious, spreading fast weedy places.
Daisies there a great many: Roman, German, Dalmatian, Caucasian, Persian, even the "golden" from the American prairies. Currently there are over 350 species of daisies, a third of which grow in Russia. Among the numerous "daisies" the most popular are chamomile, daisy, pyrethrum, echinacea, doronikum (yellow daisy), melkolepestnik (erigeron), Gaylard spinalis, Ligularia (ligulyariya) dentata, rudbeckia and gelenium autumn.
The founder of modern varieties is Pyrethrum pink. Hybrid varieties of pyrethrum have a height of 60-70 cm and 5-6 cm in diameter flowers with different color: dark or bright red, pink. There are varieties with double flowers. Yellow chamomile is often called doronikum. Doronikumy bloom early - in May, his single, bright-yellow flowers with a golden tint really resemble a daisy and round leaves form a continuous carpet.